All posts by Maximilian Capraro

Final Thesis: A Method to Determine the Return on Investement of Inner Source

Abstract: Inner source is the use of open source software developing practices in proprietary software development across organizational borders. A significant amount of
companies are adopting inner source. Some companies already utilize inner source practices without a coordinated effort to adopt inner source. It is unclear if the gains of inner source outweight the costs of running and adopting it because there is no quantitative method to determine the return on investment for inner source yet. In this paper, we develop a quantitative method to determine the return on investment of inner source. We followed a four phase research approach: First, we conducted a methodological literature review to collect methods and best practices on how to create a return on investment model. Second, we performed a exploratory literature review to identify typical inner source costs and gains. Third, we hypothesized formulas to quantify the costs and gains. Fourth, we prepared but not fully conducted an industry case study to evaluate the method. We provide a methode on how to determine the gains and costs induced by inner source and on how to aggregate them to the return on investment value. We evaluated our method at an organization already adopting inner source. As the results were inconclusive, we suggest further research on evaluating the method. This paper contains the first method to determine the return on investment for inner source.

Keywords: Software engineering, open source, inner source, return on investement

PDFs: Master Thesis, Thesis Description

Reference: Sebastian Duda. A Method to Determine the Return on Investement of Inner Source. Bachelor Thesis, Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg: 2017.

Final Thesis: Implementierung und Performance-Optimierung von SCM-Adaptern

Abstract: Inner source (IS) is the use of open source software development practices and the establishment of an open source-like culture within organizations. To create metrics about the usage of IS within a specific corporation, data about the software development need to be extracted from source code management (SCM) systems. A developed crawl process retrieves the data over specially implemented adapters. To date adapters for git and manually exported CSV files from Microsoft Team Foundation Server (TFS) are in use. To automate data extraction from TFS a new adapter must be developed. Furthermore, the poor performance of the existing git adapter along with the crawl process needs to be improved. To validate the performance increase execution time and resource metrics are measured and compared. The result of this work is a newly developed TFS adapter and a performance-optimized git adapter and crawl process.

Keywords: Engineering thesis, inner source metrics, performance optimization

PDFs: Master Thesis, Thesis Description

Reference: Constantin Hasler. Implementierung und Performance-Optimierung von SCM-Adaptern. Master Thesis, Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg: 2017.

Final Thesis: Design and Implementation of an Adaptable Metric Dashboard

Abstract: Many software companies use open source development practices inside the company‘s boundaries, which is called inner source. The Collaboration Management Suite (CMSuite), developed by the Open Source Research Group at the Friedrich-Alexander- University Erlangen-Nuernberg, is a software tool for extraction, analysis, and visualization of data and metrics regarding inner source. Prior to this thesis, CMSuite lacked features to visualize metrics and let stakeholders define their own metrics and visualizations. A programmer had to write code from scratch, where he defines a metric and then visualizes the result. Furthermore is not fully researched, which metrics will be important in the future, so adding new ones without wasting much time is desirable. This thesis discusses a new Java-based REST-service, which makes it possible to easily add and define new metrics, using the data integration tool Pentaho Kettle. The result is then visualized in an AngularJS 2.0 client component for a metric dashboard. Now the user does not have to write any code, but only has to define a metric with the help of Kettle and can see the results of his metric, immediately. Thus, this addition to CMSuite will enable him to save time and test new metrics much more efficiently.

Keywords: Engineering thesis, inner source metrics, adaptable dashboard

PDFs: Master Thesis, Thesis Description

Reference: Achim Däubler. Design and Implementation of an Adaptable Metric Dashboard. Master Thesis, Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg: 2017.

Final Thesis: A Quality Model for Inner Source

Abstract: Inner Source (IS) ist die Verwendung von Open Source (OS) Entwicklungspraktiken innerhalb einer Organisation. Einige Organisationen führen IS Projekte oder sogar IS Programme durch. Bisher gibt es zwar veröffentlichte OS Qualitätsmodelle, allerdings ist kein Qualitätsmodell speziell für IS bekannt. Dieses Papier präsentiert ein Qualitätsmodell für IS Programme und Projekte. Wir führen fünf Interviews mit IS Experten durch und analysieren diese mittels thematischer Analyse. Anhand der daraus entstandenen Einblicke entwickeln wir ein hierarchisches Qualitätsmodell für IS Programme und IS Projekte, die wir anschließend zu recherchierten OS Qualitätsmodellen abgrenzen.

Keywords: Inner source, inner source quality, inner source metrics

PDFs: Master ThesisThesis Description

Reference: Bernd Grillenberger. A Quality Model for Inner Source. Master Thesis, Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg: 2017.

Final Thesis: Managing Organization Data for Patch-Flow Measurement

Abstract: Open source practices and the establishment of an open source like culture within organizations is also called Inner Source (IS). The existing software Collaboration Metric Suite (CMSuite) provides metrics about collaboration between software projects. These metrics can validate the application of IS in organizations. However, the underlying model of the CMSuite currently only supports simple hierarchical organizational structures. Organizations with a more complex structure can not be correctly mapped. In this thesis, a model was designed and integrated into the CMSuite, that fulfills the requirements of a complex organizational structure. For this purpose, two case studies, which show the weaknesses of the current model, were studied. Finally, it was shown that dealing with complex organization structures is not a problem for the CMSuite anymore.

Keywords: Software engineering, mining software repositories, inner source

PDFs: Master Thesis, Thesis Description

Reference: Andreas Bauer. Managing Organization Data for Patch-Flow Measurement. Master Thesis, Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg: 2017.

Final Thesis: Extending an Inner Source Patch-Flow Crawler for Gitlab and Github Enterprise

Abstract: Due to the advantages, source code management is widely used nearly everywhere in software development. But often the access to organizational repositories is restricted to individual projects or groups. In contrast to that, Riehle, Capraro, Kips und Horn (2016) describe the application of techniques established in open source development, like organization internal accumulation and publication of knowledge, as an important element of inner source. In this context features set of SCM, like following up the author of a repositories commit, is a crucial part for measuring patches between organizational units. The Professorship for Open Source Software developed a crawler, with the purpose of gathering and saving patch-flow data, by automatic processing of a repository’s metadata. Extending the Patch-Flow crawler with an interface for GitLab and GitHub Enterprise allows to use the implemented functionality as standalone or in combination with already existing features. This way, the possible applications and accuracy are enhanced.

Keywords: Software engineering, mining software repositories, inner source, patch-flow

PDFs: Bachelor ThesisThesis Description

Reference: Benjamin Mach. Extending a Inner Source Patch-Flow Crawler for Gitlab and Github Enterprise. Bachelor Thesis, Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg: 2017.

Final Thesis: Measuring the Patch Review Process in Open and Inner Source

Abstract: Inner source development is the application of open source practices for a company’s internal software development. One of the practices is called review process. This process separates the code contribution from its integration. In inner source, the review process is not researched. Therefore, a suitable software for measuring this process is required for research purposes. The measuring instruments for inner source development used today are not capable of examining the review process. This thesis develops an extension of an existing application for analyzing review processes in inner source. To evaluate the functionality of this application, it is applied to selected projects. The collected data is used to demonstrate that they are suitable for answering typical questions for review processes. For further research the extension allows measurement of the review processes in inner source projects.

Keywords: Software engineering, mining software repositories, inner source, patch-flow

PDFs: Master Thesis, Work Description

Reference: Johannes Pfann. Measuring the Patch Review Process in Open and Inner Source. Master Thesis, Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg: 2017.

Final Thesis: Bewertung von Fehlerfreiheit und Vollständigkeit gemessener Patch-Flow Daten

Abstract: The patch-flow analysis offers companies the possibility to analyze the own collaboration of their organisational units with company-internal reference sources. Due to the diversity of required data sources, data can sometimes only be collected by hand. The monitoring of completeness and accuracy has not been established so far. This thesis is used in the investigation to determine which characteristics of data quality are of interest and how manually collected data influences on completeness and accuracy. A goal-question-metric model is been developed in order to evaluate patch-flow data with regard to completeness and accuracy. On the basis of precise measured values, the model will be evaluated and discussed.

Keywords: Inner source, patch-flow, data quality

PDFs:  Work description

Reference: Jörn Rechenburg. Bewertung von Fehlerfreiheit und Vollständigkeit gemessener Patch-Flow Daten. Bachelor Thesis, Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg: 2016.

Final Thesis: A Tool for Visualizing Patch-Flow

Abstract: Inner source is the use of open source software development practices and the establishment of an open source-like culture within organization that helps to improve code reuse and share knowledge where product line engineering fails (Capraro et al. 2016). We measure the inner source collaboration by measuring the code contributions (Patch-Flow) between project boundaries or organizational units. The management of software development organizations, which want to adopt the inner source strategy in Enterprise, needs a tool for visualizing Patch-Flow, helping it to analyze the collaborative process and make the software development process within companies more effective. Nowadays, the market cannot offer any product to supply the demand. This thesis develops a software design and implementation of tool to represent the various Patch-Flow-based metrics for quantifying code-level collaboration and stake of participants in it. The presented tool is the first product allowing quantitative visualization of Patch-Flow. It enables managers to evaluate and make decisions about the code-level collaboration and supports them in the inner source context.

Keywords: Inner source, open source, patch-flow, collaboration, software metrics

PDFs:  Bachelor Thesis, Work Description

Reference: Oleksandr Iefimenko. A Tool for Visualizing Patch-Flow. Bachelor Thesis, Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg: 2016.

Full House for FLOSS – Our Course on Free/Libre, and Open Source Software

For a long time, we have been planning to hold our course on Free/Libre, and Open Source Software (FLOSS).  Today, we kicked off FLOSS with the first lecture in a series of eleven. We were thrilled by the number of interested students. The lecture hall was close to bursting full:

If you want to learn more, please checkout our FLOSS course or join us on StudOn.